A never-before-seen record of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s James Webb Telescope (NASA), was released this Wednesday, the 16th. This time, the captured images reveal the formation of a protostar — a cloud of interstellar gas and dust that constitutes the early stage of a star.
With its near-infrared camera (NIRCam), the telescope was able to look inside the star-forming region. In thecaptured photos, it is possible to observe the hot and dense core of the star in birth, which forms an hourglass design.
“Light from the protostar leaks above and below this disk, illuminating cavities within the surrounding gas and dust,” describes the European Space Agency (ESA) statement on the record. According to scientists, the protoplanetary star has only 100,000 years of formation. The clouds in shades of orange and blue are formed by matter expelled by the protostar, which collides with the materials present in the surroundings of space. Considered still young, the star does not produce energy, but while it obtains matter, the core continues to be gradually compressed.
First images of Neptune
In September, the James Webb Telescope captured its first views of Neptune. Images of the ice giant were released by NASA and the European Space Agency (ESA).
According to the US space agency, the unprecedented record reveals not only the sharpest view in 30 years of the planet’s rings, but also its main features. In the new images, you can see its rings and some fainter dust lanes.
“It’s been three decades since we last saw these faint, dusty rings,” said Heidi Hammel, a scientist on the interdisciplinary team at the James Webb Telescope. “And this is the first time we’ve seen them in infrared.”
The records were obtained using the Near-Infrared Camera (NIRCam), which has three infrared filters. The equipment was able to show the details of the most distant planet in the solar system.